Reasons and pattern of tooth extractions among 2-16 years old dental patients in Maiduguri: A retrospective study.


  • Akinwumi Emmanuel OROMAKINDE Department of preventive and child dental health, Faculty of Dentistry University of Maiduguri/ University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital
  • Taofeek Olalekan LIGALI Department of Preventive and Child Dental Health University of Maiduguri teaching Hospital/Faculty of Dentistry University of Maiduguri
  • Kanadi KWARI Faculty of Dentistry University of Maiduguri, University Of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital


Extracted teeth, aetiology, pattern, North- East Nigeria


Objective: The study aimed to determine the reasons
and pattern of tooth extractions among 2-16 years old
dental out-patients in Maiduguri.
Methods: The study was cross-sectional and
retrospective. The study population consisted of
children aged 2-16 years who had at least one tooth
extracted over a period of two years at Child Dental
Health Department of University of Maiduguri Teaching
Hospital. Ethical clearance was obtained from
University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital Ethical
Committee. Record of patients seen from January 2018
to December 2019 were retrieved using a pro-forma.
Information obtained included: patient’s age, gender,
indication for the extraction and tooth extracted.
Results: A total of 340 teeth from two hundred and
forty-four children were included in the study. 169 teeth
from males and 171 teeth from females. The mean age
of subjects was 8.76 ± 2.785years. Dental caries and
complications was the leading reason for extraction
(50%), followed by orthodontic reason, 129 (37.9%) and
then trauma, 16 (4.7%). More primary teeth (311) were
extracted than their permanent counterpart (29). The
mandibular right first primary molar tooth was the tooth
mostly extracted.
Conclusion: The study revealed that there is need for
improved oral health awareness and oral health
promotion to prevent early tooth mortality.